The number of Afghan families growing cannabis as a cash crop leapt by more than a third last year, the United Nations has said. The increase adds to the drug control problem in a country that is already the world’s top producer of opium. Prices for the best-quality cannabis resin have nearly tripled since 2009 to $US95 a kilo, adding to the lure of a crop that can earn farmers even more than opium poppies. It is also generally looked on more leniently by authorities bent on cutting drug crops. As a result, Afghanistan’s importance as a source of cannabis resin for world markets may be rising, a UN report warns, even as other producers, such as Morocco, are growing a smaller share. Afghan farmers were expected to produce about 1300 tonnes of cannabis last year, the Afghanistan cannabis survey estimates. That is a similar amount to the previous two years, but with many more farmers turning to the crop. About 65,000 households grew cannabis last year compared with 47,000 the year before, it says. The survey omits “kitchen garden” growers, who cultivate a handful of plants for themselves or to sell locally. These are believed to produce a tiny fraction of the national crop. “The cannabis price rise has developed in parallel with the opium price hike caused by the opium crop failure in 2010, making its per-hectare income similar to that of opium and thus financially very attractive to farmers,” the UN report says.
“But because cannabis cultivation is less labour intensive — less weeding is involved and the extraction of ‘garda’ (powdered cannabis resin) can be done at home in a matter of weeks with the help of family members instead of hired labour — it is actually more cost-effective than opium.” Unlike opium, which matures rapidly and needs little irrigation, cannabis is a water-intensive crop that needs a long time to grow, prohibiting the planting of another crop. Partly for this reason, farmers tend to grow the plant on a sporadic basis rather than every year. But the two illicit crops often coexist, with the centre of cannabis cultivation shifting from the north to the opium poppy heartland in the south over the past five years, the report says. “There is a clear geographical association between opium and cannabis cultivation at the provincial level,” the report said. “That association exists at a household level, too, with almost two-thirds of cannabis-growing households (58%) also reporting poppy cultivation in the preceding season.” Three-quarters of farmers said they grew the crop because of high sales prices; the 2011 crop was worth around $US95 million, the UN estimates, although this was less than the 2010 crop. That year, a larger crop was produced but by fewer households.
via : The Sydney Morning Herald
You must be logged in to post a comment.