Growing up in Greeley, Colo., Justin Luke Riley says he heard lots of anti-drug messages at home, school and church. But he ignored them to escape his insecurities and fit in better with his high school tennis team; at age 15, he got hooked. A little pot turned into a lot, and then alcohol, cocaine and whatever else he could get his hands on, Riley says. At 19, when he entered rehab, he was broke and homeless. “I couldn’t fake people out anymore,” says Riley, now 23, clean and newly married.
Roughly 1 in 10 people who try marijuana gets addicted, and young users are more vulnerable than older ones, says Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Nobody knows why some people get addicted and others don’t — and that’s why teens should stay away from marijuana, both Volkow and Riley say. But daily marijuana use among young adults is at its highest levels since 1991. A national survey released last month shows that 17 million Americans — mostly teens or young adults — used pot in 2010. About 40% of those used it on 20 or more days in the past month, up from 36.7% in 2009.
“It’s the biggest drug problem in the United States,” says Peter Delany of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Teen alcohol and tobacco use are down, he says, but “we haven’t had such luck with marijuana. … society still has very mixed feelings” about it. Some parents are uncomfortable telling kids not to smoke pot, he says, because they’ve used it themselves. Delany, who has a 15-year-old son, says parents need to get over this ambivalence and make it clear to kids that marijuana use is risky.
There’s no good science yet to explain why pot use is rising, but Volkow blames medical marijuana. Hearing about medicinal benefits makes people think it must not be harmful, she believes. Brad Burge offers another explanation: Perhaps teens enjoy how they feel when they smoke, and don’t buy the government’s arguments against pot. Burge is director of communications for the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, a medical marijuana research and advocacy organization in Santa Cruz, Calif. He says the government stifles research because it doesn’t want to risk finding out that pot does a lot of good for some people. Like any drug, it can have side effects, Burge says, but more research is needed.
Volkow says it’s already clear that marijuana can be dangerous. Today’s pot is at least 10 times stronger than in the 1970s and ’80s, and more addictive, she says. Also, research suggests that regular marijuana use interferes with learning and memory, and animal studies show that repeated exposure makes them more anxious and negative. For people with a genetic vulnerability to schizophrenia, marijuana can trigger a psychotic episode. Riley, who now lives outside Seattle, is a board member and national speaker for Faces & Voices of Recovery, a not-for-profit advocacy group.
What helped him change? “People gave me the opportunity to lead ,” Riley says. “Something happens when you realize you can give back to a community, to an individual.” Dianna Riley, who chokes up with pride when she talks about how her son has turned his life around, says she wishes she’d been harder on him when she first learned about his pot habit. “I think too many parents just feel like ‘Oh, it’s just a little thing — sneaking out and drinking and smoking pot,'” she says. “That’s crap.”
You must be logged in to post a comment.